If you want to go to Amritsar, you have to go to Delhi by Rajdhani Express train from Kolkata. The fare is Rs. 3000 per person. AC three-tier. You can reach Delhi in 18 hours from Kolkata. The fare is Rs 1350 per person for AC three-tier. You can also take a Volvo bus from Delhi to Amritsar.
In my opinion, you should go to Punjab at least once in your life. For the food of Punjab and the amicable use of the people of Punjab. For those who love to eat, a trip to Punjab is very necessary. Should go.
There is a restaurant called Brothers Amritsar Dhaba next to the Golden Temple. Very good quality restaurant and low price. You can eat there. You will get all the fun items.
Commodity prices in Punjab are relatively low. You can shop from here. Numerous small shops around the Golden Temple. Much like Dhaka’s Chawkbazar. The name of this market is Guru Bazar. From Amritsar you can buy embroidery, fine work on wood, woolen clothes and jewelery. You can buy it at a much lower price than in Dhaka.
Everything you will see in Amritsar: –
1) Golden Temple.
2) Jallianwala bug.
3) Wagah Border.
4) India Gate / War Memorial.
5) Elephant Gate.
6) Durjiana Temple.
6) Govindgarh Fort.
6) Maharaja Ranjit Singh Panorama.
9) Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum.
10) Rambagh Garden.
11) Bhatinda Fort.
Golden Temple: –
The main attraction of Amritsar is the Golden Temple. In 1502, Gurunanak, the founder of Sikhism, dreamed of building a temple on the side of a huge reservoir on GT Road, just 25 km from Lahore. At this time he named this reservoir Amrit Sayar. The city is named after him. This dream did not come true in the life of Guru Nanak. In 156 AD, Sikh guru Arjun Singh laid the foundation stone of the Golden Temple on the banks of the Amrit Sayar. During the reign of the sixth Guru Hargobind Singh, the surface of the temple was covered with 400 kg of gold leaf.
In 1804, the Sikh holy book Granthsaheb was installed in this temple. The name of this part of the temple is Harbinda Sahib. There are four entrances to the Harmandir Sahib. The construction of these four gates is meant to open the door to all, irrespective of caste or creed. The present Golden Temple covers a total area of four and a half square kilometers. Apart from Sikhs, tourists from all over the world come to see this golden temple. About 90,000 meals are served here every day. This temple is open 24 hours a day.
It is said that Pranami collects around Rs 60 crore every month in this temple. It is customary for every Sikh youth to acquire martial arts, self-defense tactics and martial arts. There is a huge field for teaching this technique of early warfare. Originally trained from here, the strategists are in charge of the security of this temple. Security guards still use arrows, bows, machetes, spears, khwaja and khanjani weapons.
Women and men have to cover their heads before entering this temple. After entering, go to Amrit Sarobar, which is surrounded by a road wrapped in marble. Many people consider the water of the lake sacred and touch it on the head, many also take a bath. The entrance is opposite to Harmandir Sahib on the other side of the lake. Therefore, starting the journey from one side and visiting the Harmandir Sahib, one can go around the Amrit Sarovar in Berole from the other side. The lake is big enough and the courtyard is huge. There are more gurdwaras around the Harmandir Sahib on the banks of the lake, where Guru Granth Sahib is recited all the time.
Parts of the temple were destroyed after the Afghan invasion in the mid-18th century, and were restored in 164. In the early nineteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh decorated and covered the temple with gold, from which the temple came to be known as the “Golden Temple”.
The lake has a miraculous place called Dukh Bhanjani Beri. Doni Chand Khatri, a wealthy zamindar of Patti town, was associated with this legendary Beri, who had five daughters. One day he asked them who gave them food. The eldest of the four daughters answered, “Their father is their benefactor, and He gives them food.” But the youngest daughter named Rajini said that God keeps all living beings alive. When Doni Chand heard this, he became angry and married the girl to a leper. She loved and cared for her husband. At that time Guru Ram Das Ji was building a new city in Amritsar. Rajini brought her husband to Amritsar. He meets the devotees of the Guru, who provide a room for them to have mercy on Rajini’s condition. He was given the responsibility of cooking food in the public kitchen. She used to bring her husband with her when she came to join her work. She would put her husband under the shade of a tree and enter the kitchen. One day she left her husband under a fence. Her husband notices that some of the crows are diving into the pond water and they are changing from black to white. He then realized that this was no ordinary water. He went to the front of the pond and dived into the water. He was healed, and he was no longer a leper. He sat down again under the tree. Rajini was not able to identify him. The young man convinced him and the couple told Guru Ram Das Ji about the pond
No. After hearing this, Guru Ram Das Ji told this to Baba Buddha Ji, the chief priest of the temple. He said that this pond is a place which was waiting for Guru Amar Das Ji. The tree was known as a sorrow-breaking shackle, as a remedy for pain and suffering.
As a symbol of the simplicity of the temple, the temple has four entrances; Which welcomes people from all walks of life. The Golden Temple is a holy place for Sikhs and a place of worship.
Sikhism believes that everyone in the world is equal. The rich, the poor, the educated, the uneducated, the uneducated, all are equal. This is the principle.
There is a langarkhana in the temple, where everyone is fed for free 24 hours a day. Anyone can go and eat there anytime. A song from the movie “Raab Ne Bana De Jodi” was shot here. There is Akal Takat and they are Taran Sahib inside the Harminder Sahib / Golden Temple area.
1) It is visited by about 100,000 people every day.
2) The pinnacle of the Golden Temple is made of pure gold.
3) In the communal kitchen of the temple, about 75,000 devotees take langar (food) every day.
Jallianwala Bagh: –
In 1919, on the eve of the Baishakhi festival, many people gathered there. They did not know that martial law was going on then. There the British troops fired randomly for ten minutes in a row. Thousands of bodies were later found inside a well. The area is very large and very neatly arranged. After that I went for lunch, ate Punjabi and South Indian Thali. On the way back I ate ice cream and lachchi. Kulfita seems to be full of milk latex! Price only 30 rupees. And lachchita was 25 rupees but very original sour curd. I ate twice in a row despite having sugar! The taste is still there.
We have to leave for Wagah Border by 3:30 pm, otherwise the lavish ceremony of joint flag hoisting and guard change by Indian and Pakistani border guards will be missed.
Lahore is only 23 km from Wagah border. And the Wagah border is 25 km from Amritsar city. Every afternoon there are some Indian and Pakistani troops marching together. They call it friendly activity. It runs 365 days a year. The Lahore-Delhi bus travels through this border. The parade started at exactly 4.30 am. It lasted at 30 minutes. It ended at 5 am. A large crowd gathered. Extreme tension prevailed between the people of India and Pakistan. Slogans were chanted from both sides.
Gobindgarh Fort: –
The foundation of the Gobindgarh Fort was laid in the mid 18th century by the leader of the Bhangi misl (clan). The imposing brick and lime structure, though locally known as the Bhangian Da Kila, derives its formal name from Guru Gobind Singh. Historically, possession of the fort was considered akin to possessing power over Punjab’s religious and political centers. It fell into the hands of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the early 19th century during his expansionist missions. He further strengthened the walls of the fort and built a moat around it, adding several strong bastions to the structure.
It is said to have housed the Maharaja’s treasury, including the famed Kohinoor diamond within its walls. Legend has it that Ranjit Singh was coveting the legendary cannon Zamzama (which finds mention in Rudyard Kipling’s Kim), reportedly fashioned for Ahmad Shah Abdali out of metal utensils looted from Lahore. It was appropriated by the Bhangis and housed within Gobindgarh fort. Following his annexation of Amritsar, the cannon was transported to Lahore by Maharaja Ranjit Singh for use in subsequent expeditions and today, it stands sentinel outside the Lahore Museum.
One of the most striking and historic edifices of Amritsar, this is the only surviving fort from the times of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It has had a continuous historical narrative including events from the struggle for independence. This historical layering is also visible in the fort’s distinct military architectural style and layout. It comprises two concentric layers of fortified walls with bastions and is entered through two successive gateways. The inner enclosure includes numerous buildings which have an obvious colonial look and feel about them. Currently under renovation, it will soon be thrown open to public visits.
Durgiana Temple: –
Durjiana Temple is located within walking distance of Govindgarh Fort. Near Elephant Gate from Durjiana Temple and Gobindgarh Fort.
The 16th century Durgiana Temple draws Hindu sages and scholars from all over the country as it is a well known repository of Hindu scriptures. Dedicated to goddess Durga, the temple is modeled on the Golden Temple with its main shrine rising from the midst of a tank, its central dome covered with gold, and the rest of the structure clad in marble. Also known as the Lakshmi Narayan Temple, as a large section of it is dedicated to the Hindu deities Laxmi and Narayan, the intricate carvings of goddess Durga in her various incarnations, are particularly remarkable. The Durgiana temple was rebuilt in the 20th century, and its foundation stone was laid by the freedom fighter Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, who was also an educationist and founded the Benaras Hi
Place to stay in Amritsar
There are a lot of hotels around the Golden Temple. The rent is very low. You can get a good hotel for 500 to 600 rupees. The distance from Golden Temple to Amritsar Railway Junction is only 20-30 minutes (by car).
Eating in Amritsar: –
1) Kulfi and Lachchi in Jallianwala Bagh. Kulfita will feel like pure milk latex.
2) Amritsari Kulcha
3) Lachchi chilled Punjabi Lassi (sweetened yogurt)
4) Alu Parota. Alu Parota in Punjab is great to eat.
6) Vegetable biryani. Great to eat.
6) Chana masala.
6) Mustard is a vegetable.
9) Bee the bread.
10) Masala Dosa.
11) Fenugreek Malai cheese.
12) Dal Makhani.
13) Cashew curry.
14) Malai Kopta.