The birth and death of Rabindranath Tagore are enshrined in this Jorasanko Thakurbari, as well as in every part of the Thakurbari with memories of the poet growing up.
Jorasanko Thakurbari is the ancestral home of world poet Rabindranath Tagore, located at 8/4 Dwarkanath Tagore Lane at the junction of Chitpur Road and Vivekananda Road in North Kolkata. Prince Dwarkanath Tagore built a palace-like building in 1823 on the site of Nilmoni Tagore’s Atchala in 184 AD. At present, the Thakurbari houses a museum dedicated to the life and work of Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. This traditional house bears witness to the development of many intelligent people. Each house in the Thakur house has its own history. The building houses a museum named “Maharshi Bhavan” named after the poet’s father Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, which contains a gallery dedicated to Rabindranath Tagore, his family and the Bengal Renaissance. Even today, if you visit the residence of Debendranath Tagore located here, you can feel the softness.
The main attraction of the Thakurbari is the birth room of Rabindranath Tagore or the inner house of the Tagore family, where he was born on 25th Baishakh 127 BS.
Leaving behind the family attic, one can see the royal living room, a well-decorated garden and a wonderful courtyard which highlights the richness and tradition of the Tagore family. A room in the Thakurbari is decorated with the poet’s self-portrait.
The interior of the Tagore house is decorated with various family portraits, oil paintings, photographs and letters of the Tagore house. The history of the Tagore house came to life when we met the Kedara used by the poet, which is the source of many invaluable works of the poet. Thakur’s house is still guarded by the wife of the poet Mrinalini Devi and her used Dravadi. Apart from this, there is a brush used for the paintings of Mrinalini Devi’s Pankashal and Abanindranath Tagore and the Dravadi used by her.
A number of Rabindranath’s plays and the post office play were first staged in ‘Bichitra’, the largest courtyard of Thakur’s house. It was here that Rabindranath himself played the role of Raghupati in the Rajshahi play.
Jorasanko is proud of all his children, but Rabindranath Tagore is especially proud of the place, as he became the first Indian in 1913 to win the Nobel Prize in Literature for his own book, Gitanjali.
The poet’s favorite is the house on the south verandah (south facing window) where his long-conquered works were created which still carry the poet’s memory in the house of Thakur. Rabindranath’s Bouthan Kadambari Devi was his inspiration. There is a picture of him in the room of Kadambari Devi and it is in this room that Kadambari Devi gave up her last breath.
In the heart of Bengal, Tagore’s house was probably the only place where Eastern and Western literature was practiced, which we can observe in many Rabindra Sangeet.
This place has not only contributed to Indian literature but also to the Indian struggle for independence against the British throne. Thakurbari is the birthplace of the “Rakhi Bandhan” festival which protested against the “Bango Bhango Andolan” (Partition of Bengal in 1905). He composed the song “Amar Sonar Bangla” for this movement, which was later adapted as the national anthem of Bangladesh. This house instilled moral values at the highest level, through which Rabindranath Tagore relinquished the title of Knighthood given by the British rule. Even after the death of the poet Guru, Jorasanko Tagore’s house has been the center of Bengali literature and culture for a long time.
Although Thakurbari bears witness to the demise of his greatest child, Tagore Rabindranath of our soul passed away on 22nd Shravan 1348 BS.