Santiniketan is the Birbhum of West Bengal.
Santiniketan is an ashram and learning center located near Bolpur town in Birbhum district of West Bengal. Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, the father of Rabindranath Tagore, established this ashram in the northern part of Bolpur city in 173 AD in private for the purpose of contemplation of God and discussion of religion. In 1901, Rabindranath Tagore established the Brahma Vidyalaya at Santiniketan, which eventually took the form of Visva-Bharati University.
Rabindranath Tagore spent most of the second half of his life at the Santiniketan Ashram. The presence of this ashram and the natural environment adjacent to the ashram is evident in his literary and creative works.
Rabindranath Tagore built a number of buildings with impeccable architectural facilities for himself and other Ashramis to live in the Santiniketan premises. In 1951, Visva-Bharati University gained the status of Central University of India.
Visva-Bharati University: –
Visva-Bharati University is a central university in India. The university is located in Bolpur town in Birbhum district in the state of West Bengal. Rabindranath Tagore founded Visva-Bharati in 1921. It became a central university in 1951. Poet Rathindranath Tagore was the first Vice-Chancellor of the University. Lots of students from home and abroad come to study at this university. Notable alumni of the university include Nobel laureate economist Amartya Sen, Oscar-winning film director Satyajit Ray and former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi.
Indira Gandhi was a direct student of the poet. Later, when Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister, she used to come to Santiniketan as the Vice-Chancellor of Visva-Bharati University.
Visva-Bharati University is the only university in the world where the Prime Minister of the country is the Vice-Chancellor. The poet himself has made this rule and the poet has prepared his own Visva-Bharati syllabus. It is still taught according to that syllabus.
Premises of Visva-Bharati University: –
Visva-Bharati University has two campuses. Santiniketan and Sriniketan.
Santiniketan House: –
In the middle of the nineteenth century, in 180, Debendranath Tagore bought a barren land near Bolpur and built a house called “Santiniketan”. Over time, the entire surrounding area became known as Santiniketan.
Sixth floor: –
The comfort of my soul
The joy of the mind
Peace of mind …
Santiniketan was created from Chatim floor. Every year 7th Poush, Poush Mela is inaugurated from this Chatim floor.
When Maharshi Debendranath Tagore was coming to the zamindar house in Raipur to accept the invitation, he rested for a while on this Chatimtala and here he found his “comfort of soul, joy of mind and peace of soul”. At that time he took a lease of 20 bighas of land from the zamindar of Raipur in exchange for sixteen annas.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose came here on January 21, 1939, at the invitation of Rabindranath, before he was elected President of the Congress on January 26, 1939.
Kala Bhavan: –
This section teaches all kinds of artistic constructive work and all kinds of drawing.
Industrial building: –
This section teaches all constructive works related to arts and crafts.
Music Building: –
This section teaches vocal and instrumental music, dance and acting.
Vidya Bhavan: –
There are ancient, modern and other languages, literature and philosophy such as Sanskrit, Pali, Bengali, Hindi, Urdu language study and Vedic, Buddhist and Gupta period. Arabic, Persian etc. about foreign languages and related researchers.
Education Building: –
This section provides general knowledge and education which is a must for all students.
Chinese building: –
Apprentices included in this section are taught Chinese languages and literature, Chinese culture and Chinese civilization, etc., and Chinese students are taught Indian culture, Sanskrit language and literature. Let Santiniketan be the foundation. “Tan Yun Shan” who was known as “Tan Saheb” in Visva-Bharati helped to implement this belief individually. Rabindranath met Mr. Tan for the first time in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia while he was teaching. The two were like-minded people. Tan came to India in July 1926 at the invitation of Rabindranath. In 1926, he came to Santiniketan with Satyajivan Pal, the then principal of Pathabhavan, through Jorasanko. Within a few days, he started teaching there with 5 students who later became famous as knowledgeable people. Married to Chen Nai Ai Yeer in 1928, who was a gifted man and came to Santiniketan with Tan and always helped to realize Rabindranath’s dream of building a major international center for Indo-China cultural studies. The combination of cultural harmony, the print of the Chinese building, was made by Tan himself in consultation with Rabindranath. In 1931, after teaching at Santiniketan for three years, this Indo-China
To promote and popularize the idea of friendship, Tan went back to China. For almost two years he enlightened the people there through various speeches and writings and in 1933 he opened the Indo-China Cultural Society in Nankin. That year he and some of his wise friends donated about 50,000 books and a lot of money to Santiniketan. Some of the publishers there also donated books rich in all kinds of Chinese knowledge. The Chinese building was inaugurated by Rabindranath Tagore on April 14, 1936. Mr. Santinektan Tan was awarded the title of “Desikottam” in 1989. The chief of the Chinese building was Abhijit Banerjee in 2016. Recently, the China building For small education exchange national projects.
Vinay Bhavan: –
Binoy Bhavan was established in 1947 as a center for arts and crafts and music teacher training and later as a full fledged teacher training college in 1951. Binoy Bhavan is committed to training teachers in secondary schools as well as other aspects of education. Binoy Bhavan adopts Rabindranath Tagore’s method of integrating the education system, through which education, cultural sensitivity and services can be provided to the diverse community. If education is to be a means to an end, then it is important to have adequately trained staff. Here students can do undergraduate and postgraduate education such as B.Ed, M.Ed, M.A.P.H.D. etc. Here in physical education, students can take sports education.
Santiniketan also has Hindi Bhavan, Rabindra Bhavan, Darshan Sadan, Ananda Pathshala, Ratan Kuthi, Natya Ghar, Administrative Bhaban, Central Library, Purbapalli Atithi Bhavan, International Guest Bhavan, Santiniketan Post Office, Public Relations Office, Agricultural Economic Research Center, Pearson Memorial Hospital.
Mela Premises – Poush Mela
To commemorate important events such as Maharishi’s initiation into Brahmanism in 1891 and later the construction of a house of worship, the Poushmela started in 1894 to sell some household items such as earthenware, iron pots, stone bowls, glassware to the people of some villages near Santiniketan. Etc. whose main objective was the development of rural economy. As the fair grew in size over time, so did its former color scheme.
Poushmela or Poush Utsav is the main festival of Santiniketan-Sriniketan region. This festival is celebrated in remembrance of Debendranath Tagore’s initiation into Brahmanism. Festivals and fairs begin every year at 7 p.m. Gone for 7 days.
Palli Shiksha Bhaban: –
According to the Visva-Bharati Act-1974, the “Palli Shiksha Sadan” established on September 1, 1973 was renamed as “Palli Shiksha Bhavan”.
How to get there: –
You can go by train from Howrah and Sealdah stations. You can also go from Kolkata by reserving a car.