Visit Murshidabad in memory of Nawab Sir
Returning from Murshidabad (West Bengal, India): Murshidabad, the capital of Sirajuddaula, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. The people of Bangladesh have historically had a connection with Murshidabad, a district in West Bengal, India. Considering that relationship and the importance of the tourist destination there, many people still visit Murshidabad. He went there and tried to find out about the history, traditions, and antiquities of Bengal and Bengalis.
In Murshidabad, various installations of the 16th and 17th centuries are still standing. There are also tombs of Nawab Alivardi Khan and Nawab Sirajuddaula and other historical sites.
Thousand Door Palace:
When you visit Murshidabad, the first thing you notice is the Hazar Duari Palace. Nawab Humayun Jhan, the fifth descendant of Mir Jafar, built the Hazar Duari Palace, a unique example of Italian architecture, in 1829. It is named ‘Hazar Duari Palace’ as it has many doors. There are rumors that this palace has one thousand and one doors. The Hazar Duari Palace was later used as the High Court. It is currently a museum. The artwork in every room of this palace is very beautiful. On one floor there is an arsenal, office, cache, record room, etc. The arsenal is equipped with 2600 weapons. There are also numerous witnesses to history. Hazar Duari Palace is closed on Fridays. Hazar Duari Palace Medina
Siraj Medina is the only memorial to the last independent Nawab Sirajuddaula in Murshidabad, the then capital of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa. The small ‘Siraj Medina’ is located right in the middle of the huge courtyard of the Hazar Duari Palace.
It is said that Sirajuddaula’s mother Amina Begum had promised to build a mosque when Siraj sat in the masnad. In fulfillment of his mother’s promise, Nawab Sirajuddaula brought clay from Karbala in Medina and built Siraj Medina. The small Siraj Medina is always closed but reopened on the day of Muharram.
The five-domed Siraj is surrounded by a brick enclosure on the ground to separate it from the thousands of gates. The local guides entered the brick enclosure of Siraj Medina and said in a very dramatic manner, “I entered the place of Nawab Siraj in independent Bengal.” I will wear chains on my feet, I will be submissive, a slave of the English. Apart from this Siraj Medina, there is no other memory of Nawab Siraj in Murshidabad. Graves of Nawab Alivardi Khan and Nawab Sirajuddaula at Khoshbagh. Photo: banglanewsbachchawali Kaman
The special feature of Bachchawali Cannon is that it was built in Jahangirnagar, the then capital of Bengal. There is a huge history behind its naming.
The cannon, reserved for visitors at the Hazarduari Palace in Murshidabad district of West Bengal, is 18 feet long and weighs 18,060 pounds. The maker of the cannon, made in 1848 in the then capital Jahangirnagar, was a man named Janadhan Karmakar.
It is learned that the boat sank in the Bhagirathi river on its way to Delhi on the orders of the then emperor. The cannon sank. About two hundred years later, the cannon was found during the construction of the Hazar Duari Palace in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal, by removing sand from the Bhagirathi river. At that time Humayun Jhan, the fifth descendant of Mir Jafar, was in the mind of Bengal Bihar Orissa. He later stored the cannon at Hazar Duari. The cannon is placed right in the middle of Hazar Duari Palace and Imambara. Hundreds of visitors flock to see it every day. It is said that after receiving the cannon, a terrible incident took place after firing 18 kg of gunpowder on the orders of Nawab Humayun. At the sound of the cannon, all the mothers who were pregnant within 10 miles lost their unborn babies. Since then it has become known as ‘Bachchawali Kaman’.
The locals think that mothers have to sacrifice many babies in their wombs for this. That is why it is called ‘Bachchawali Kaman’. One of the four cannons made by Janadhan Karmakar is still preserved in the Dhakeswari temple in Dhaka.
The largest Imambara in Asia is located on the premises of the Thousand Doors Palace, just opposite. Built-in 1848, the Shia prayer center is open one day a week and in the month of Muharram. The only memorial to Nawab Sirajuddaula is Siraj Medina Khoshbagh.
Nawab Alivardi Khan prepared Khoshbagh on the other side of Bhagirathi for his burial during his lifetime. Nawab Sirajuddaula was killed in a series of incidents after Mir Zafar’s dishonesty in the desert of Palashi. He was later buried in Khoshbagh, next to the grave of Nana Ali Bardi Khan.
The word happy means joy and the word bug means garden. That is the garden of joy. To protect it, a variety of beautiful flowering plants are planted around the perimeter with a high wall. Nawab Alivardi Khan is lying in a high stone tomb in Khoshbagh. Nawab Sirajuddaula is lying on his left side. Of the many tombs, only the tomb of Nawab Alivardi Khan is the largest and tallest. Next to the tomb of Nawab Sirajuddaula is engraved in stone and inscribed with name.
Next to Sirajuddaula are the graves of his brother Mirza Mehedi, at the feet of Sirajuddaula are the graves of his wife Begum Lutfa and companion Aleya.
At the same time, the daughters of Nawab Nawab Alivardi Khan, members of the family of Nawab Sirajuddaula, Mohammadi Beg, the assassin of Nawab Sirajuddaula, Golam Hossain, the historian of Sirajuddaula and his family are lying in Khoshbagh. Were killed, they have graves.
There is a mosque in Khoshbagh. Alivardi Khan used to offer prayers in this mosque during his stay in Khoshbagh. Built-in a beautiful style, Khoshbagh has seven gates including the main door. In public
According to tradition, Nawab Alivardi Khan used to sit at Khoshbagh and see the house of his eldest daughter Ghaseti Begum in Motijheel on the other side of Bhagirathi. For this purpose, the gates were built directly in Motijheel. Nimkaharam Deuri, Mir Zafar’s house. Photo: banglanewsnikharam deuri
Nimakharam Deuri is located at Jafraganj in Murshidabad. Nimakharam Deuri is basically the house of Mir Zafar. It was in this house that the last independent Nawab Sirajuddaula was killed by Mohammadi Beg. The ruins of the house currently exist. No one is allowed in here. There is a signboard saying ‘No entry’ at the entrance of the house. There is another Imambara with this house.
In addition to the above-mentioned establishments, there are many other tourist-oriented establishments scattered in the alleys of Murshidabad. Notable among these are Katra Mosque, Tripoli Gate, Chawk Mosque, Wasif Manzil, Azimunnesa Samadhi, 1100 Samadhis of Mir Jafar, and his descendants, Nashipur Rajbari, Nashipur Akhra, Kathgola Bagan, Jagat Seth’s house, stables, etc.
However, in recent times, the historic Motijheel in Murshidabad has been turned into a modern entertainment center. An epic theater called ‘Light and Show’ is shown every evening at 7.30 pm at this entertainment center called Motijheel Park. It is a great initiative to inform the present generation about the history of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, the masnad of Nawab Sirajuddaula, the dishonesty of Mir Zafar with the nation.
Some tips for travelers
Murshidabad is easily accessible by train from Kolkata or Sealdah Railway Station in 5-6 hours. The cost of living in Murshidabad is not very high. However, before leaving, it is better to confirm the reservation for the return train. Because all trains from Kolkata to Murshidabad are local. The path is 200 kilometers. It takes 5-6 hours. But local trains have unusual crowds. There is no place to stand, sitting is a distant thing. People stood huddled. Travelers suffer because they are not used to it. Many also fell ill. Therefore, it is better to confirm the reservation before boarding the train.